BDO Email Disclaimers

Service provision within the international BDO network of independent member firms ('the BDO network') is coordinated by Brussels Worldwide Services BVBA, a limited liability company incorporated in Belgium with its statutory seat in Brussels. Each of BDO International Limited (the governing entity of the BDO network), Brussels Worldwide Services BVBA and the member firms is a separate legal entity and has no liability for another such entity's acts or omissions. Nothing in the arrangements or rules of the BDO network shall constitute or imply an agency relationship or a partnership between BDO International Limited, Brussels Worldwide Services BVBA and/or the member firms of the BDO network. BDO is the brand name for the BDO network and for each of the BDO member firms.

BDO in South Africa's principal place of business is at 22 Wellington Road, Parktown, Johannesburg where a list of directors' names is available for inspection.

The information in this email is confidential and may be legally privileged. It is intended solely for the use of the addressee. If you are not the intended recipient, any disclosure, copying, distribution or any action taken or any action omitted as a result of reliance thereon is prohibited and may be unlawful. When addressed to our clients any opinions, advice or information contained in this email should be acted upon only after proper / adequate consultation with the relevant director. Although we make every effort to ensure this message is free of malicious programme code, BDO accepts no liability for any loss or damage, whether direct, indirect, consequential or economic, however caused, which may result directly or indirectly from this communication or from any attached files. Save for bona fide company matters, BDO does not accept any responsibility for any material contained in this email.